0909 閱讀技巧大公開_英文閱讀測驗得分2大招!.png

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英文考試必考題型─閱讀測驗

無論是英檢、多益等等的檢定考試,

或者是會考、統測、學測、指考這種升學測驗,

英文的閱讀測驗都是100%出現的考題,

到底要怎麼做才能快速又精準的完成測驗、順利得分

今天小編就來解密告訴你!

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我們用103學測英文考科中的一篇閱讀測驗當作範例,

把超強閱測技巧交給大家,讓大家從閱讀測驗中輕鬆拿高分

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[103學測]

MOOC, a massive open online course, aims at providing large-scale interactive participation and open access via the web. In addition to traditional course materials such as videos, readings, and problem sets, MOOCs provide interactive user forums that help build a community for the students, professors, and teaching assistants.

MOOCs first made waves in the fall of 2011, when Professor Sebastian Thrun from Stanford University opened his graduate-level artificial intelligence course up to any student anywhere, and 160,000 students in more than 190 countries signed up. This new breed of online classes is shaking up the higher education world in many ways. Since the courses can be taken by hundreds of thousands of students at the same time, the number of universities might decrease dramatically. Professor Thrun has even envisioned a future in which there will only need to be 10 universities in the world. Perhaps the most striking thing about MOOCs, many of which are being taught by professors at prestigious universities, is that they’re free. This is certainly good news for cash-strapped students.

There is a lot of excitement and fear surrounding MOOCs. While some say free online courses are a great way to increase the enrollment of minority students, others have said they will leave many students behind. Some critics have said that MOOCs promote an unrealistic one-size-fits-all model of higher education and that there is no replacement for true dialogues between professors and their students. After all, a brain is not a computer. We are not blank hard drives waiting to be filled with data. People learn from people they love and remember the things that arouse emotion. Some critics worry that online students will miss out on the social aspects of college.

1.   What does the word “cash-strapped” in the second paragraph mean?

(A) Making a lot of money.                                       (B) Being short of money.

(C) Being careful with money.                                  (D) Spending little money.

2.   Which of the following is NOT one of the features of MOOCs?

(A) It is free to take the courses.                           

(B) Many courses are offered by famous universities.

(C) Most courses address artificial intelligence.         

(D) Many students can take the course at the same time.

3.   What is the second paragraph mainly about?

(A) The impact of MOOCs.                                       (B) The goal of MOOCs.

(C) The size of MOOC classes.                                 (D) The cost of MOOC courses.

4.   Which of the following is a problem of MOOCs mentioned in the passage?

(A) The disappearance of traditional course materials.

(B) The limited number of courses offered around the world.

(C) The overreliance on professors from prestigious universities.

(D) The lack of social interaction among students and professors.

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1招:先看題目,再看文章

在考閱讀測驗時,先閱讀題目將問題的重點記下,再回頭看文章時直接找答案

以範例的題目來說,這篇閱讀測驗的第124題,都可以用這個方法節省作答時間

 

範例第1題,想知道cash-strapped在本篇文章的易思為何?

這種出題方式是閱讀測驗中的經典題型。

透過前後文的配合去判斷一個較不熟悉的字詞;

或者是因為前後文的配合,而對某個字詞產生意思上的改變,並要求考生判斷這些字詞在文章中的意義。

此時,先閱讀文章再看題目,若文章沒有特別將字體加粗,

通常閱讀時不會特別注意cash-strapped這個詞

因此很可能要在看到題目後再次回到文章中尋找並花時間再理解一次,非常的耗時

如果已經先閱讀了題目,當在文章中看到這個詞時,就可以在理解文章的同時確認該題答案,

快速針對本題作答,節省作答時間

 

以本題來說,文章說MOOC是免費的這件事對cash-strapped的學生們絕對是個好消息。

因此依照前後文的判斷,cash-strapped的意思應該是在金錢上比較缺乏的學生,所以答案會選擇(B)。

 

範例第2題:想知道何者不是MOOC的特色?

因為已經知道題目想問誰不是MOOC的特色,因此閱讀文章時可以順手把MOOC的特色圈選起來

作答時只需要花短時間比對,不用再閱讀一次文章就可以輕鬆得分。

以本題來說,文章中有說到:many of which are being taught by professors at prestigious universitiesthey’re freethe courses can be taken by hundreds of thousands of students at the same time,因此(A)(B)(D)都有被提到,答案選(C)。

 

範例第4題:何者是本文提到MOOCs的問題?

文中提及:Some critics have said that MOOCs promote an unrealistic one-size-fits-all model of higher education and that there is no replacement for true dialogues between professors and their students. 就是本題的答案,因此答案選(D)。

在做此類題目時要注意的是,題目表明問的是「文中提及」的缺點,

因此必須是文章中有說到的才能夠是答案

有時候我們會自己對於文章中的事物進行評判,但只要不是文中提及的,都不能作為作答依據唷!

 

2招:每段文章最前與最後兩句,通常可以涵蓋該段的大半意思

因為英文寫作習慣在最前時總括破題,最後對文章總結

因此每篇文章的第一段與最後一段、每段的前兩句與最後兩句,常常就足夠判斷文章內涵。

 

以範例第3題為例:想知道文章第2段的主要內容是什麼?

先看該段最前面:MOOCs first made waves in the fall of 2011, when Professor Sebastian Thrun from Stanford University opened his graduate-level artificial intelligence course up to any student anywhere, and 160,000 students in more than 190 countries signed up.

內容看來大約是在說MOOCs的歷史與成效。

再看該段最後面:Perhaps the most striking thing about MOOCs, many of which are being taught by professors at prestigious universities, is that they’re free. This is certainly good news for cash-strapped students.

內容上表達因為MOOCs令人驚豔的特點:讓夠讓有金錢困難的學生們上到由名校教師開設的課程。

綜觀前後,就可以猜測本段的意思大概是在說MOOCs造成的效用與影響。

所以本題答案選(A)。

但需要特別提醒:這個方法建議是在可能有兩個很相似、覺得都可以的答案,不知道該選哪一個當答案的情況,或者是時間不夠的情況下使用。

畢竟以完整的篇章來考慮答案,絕對會是最安全的做法。

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這篇文章的目的不是為了教大家考試取巧,

而是希望大家在有限的考試時間內,

能夠更快速準確地找到對的答案!

希望閱讀完本篇文章後,大家閱讀測驗都能滿分

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